Ultrasonography is more commonly known as sonography. This is a medical procedure that aims to diagnose a person’s condition. It makes use of high frequency sound waves or what are known as ultrasounds. These create a visual representation of the tissues, organs, and blood inside our bodies. This kind of procedure is usually called an ultrasound scan or a sonogram.
Sonography is used to look at several parts of our bodies like our reproductive system, abdomen, breasts, heart, blood vessels, and the prostate. It is really useful in detecting a heart attack, heart disease, or any other vascular problems that can lead to somebody getting a stroke. Sometimes it is used when the doctor has to take a tissue biopsy of an organ. The sonograph is important when placing the fine needle inside the body. This is a radiation-free treatment, very unlike X-rays.
The professionals who do this procedure are not physicians; they are called sonogaphers or vascular technologists if they are more involved with blood vessels.
The job of a diagnostic medical sonographer
This person is somebody who has high skills in operating special equipment created to produce images of what goes on inside our bodies. Their output is used by the physicians to reach a medical prognosis. Their work involves positioning a small device known as a transducer by the skin of the patient near the area that is to be examined.
The transducer operates the same way loudspeakers and microphones do because they all do the job of sending and receiving sound. Through the transducer, a stream of sound waves with high frequency is sent into the body and this reflects off the organs and vessels inside. The transducer interprets these sound waves. The way the sound waves are reflected differs depending on the structure being examined. A special computer analyzes the sounds and creates an image of the organs or vessels on a TV screen. This is then recorded on a tape.
Sonographers are always in direct contact with patients. Sometimes they perform procedures that are invasive so they have to learn how to be compassionate and how to deal with both healthy and ill people.
These people are required, among other things, to get the accurate medical record of the patient, do the diagnostic procedure and record the images, analyze the information gathered, judge whether added diagnostics are needed, and create a summary of the findings. They are expected to provide the utmost quality when caring for their patients, as well as working with other people involved in patient care.
Sonographers must know what the risks are if ever they get exposed to blood and other body fluids. They have to be adept in scheduling, record keeping, and archiving or computerized images. Sometimes they are expected to be knowledgeable about management duties.
The job of sonographers has grown a lot during the past 2 decades. Technology is getting more advanced so there are more opportunities for them. They can work in hospitals, public health, laboratories, and private offices.
They get competitive salaries that are similar or even higher than other professionals in their level of learning. They get paid depending on their experience level and the area they operate in.